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CST: 20/09/2019 13:08:33   

TRI Pointe Group, Inc. Reports 2019 First Quarter Results

148 Days ago

IRVINE, Calif., April 25, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- TRI Pointe Group, Inc. (the “Company”) (NYSE:TPH) today announced results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2019.

“New home demand rebounded nicely in the first quarter of 2019, as buyers responded positively to the decline in interest rates and a more competitive pricing environment,” said TRI Pointe Group Chief Executive Officer Doug Bauer. “TRI Pointe Group averaged 3.0 orders per community per month during the period, which represented a 44% improvement from the fourth quarter of 2018 and exceeded our internal projections. California continues to be an important market for TRI Pointe Group, and we saw encouraging results as we moved through the quarter with orders per community per month of 2.0, 3.5 and 3.9 for January, February and March, respectively. We are optimistic we can sustain this momentum as we head into the latter half of the spring selling season.”

Mr. Bauer continued, “We grew our quarter-end community count by 11% as compared to last year, giving us a solid platform from which to grow. The increase in community count was a combination of growth in our existing markets, expansion into new markets and the continued rollout of new projects from our long-dated California assets. We expect to leverage all three avenues for growth going forward as our business evolves.”

Mr. Bauer concluded, “I am pleased with our results in the first quarter. We feel confident in our full year gross margin guidance based on current margins in backlog of 23%, as well as delivering on our previous stated guidance of 4,600 to 5,000 deliveries for 2019.”

Results and Operational Data for First Quarter 2019 and Comparisons to First Quarter 2018

  • Net income was $71,000, or $0.00 per diluted share, compared to $42.9 million, or $0.28 per diluted share
  • Home sales revenue of $492.7 million compared to $582.6 million, a decrease of 15%

    — New home deliveries of 814 homes compared to 924 homes, a decrease of 12%

    — Average sales price of homes delivered of $605,000 compared to $630,000, a decrease of 4%
  • Homebuilding gross margin percentage of 14.4% compared to 22.7%, a decrease of 830 basis points

    — Excluding interest and impairments and lot option abandonments, adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage was 18.4%*
  • SG&A expense as a percentage of homes sales revenue of 15.7% compared to 12.9%, an increase of 280 basis points
  • New home orders of 1,321 compared to 1,496, a decrease of 12%
  • Active selling communities averaged 147.8 compared to 129.8, an increase of 14%

    — New home orders per average selling community were 8.9 orders (3.0 monthly) compared to 11.5 orders (3.8 monthly)

    — Cancellation rate increased to 15% compared to 14%
  • Backlog units at quarter end of 1,842 homes compared to 2,143, a decrease of 14%

    — Dollar value of backlog at quarter end of $1.2 billion compared to $1.4 billion, a decrease of 12%

    — Average sales price of homes in backlog at quarter end of $672,000 compared to $658,000, an increase of 2%
  • Ratios of debt-to-capital and net debt-to-net capital of 40.7% and 38.1%*, respectively, as of March 31, 2019
  • Executed a new $250 million term loan facility while extending the maturity date of our existing $600 million unsecured revolving credit facility, with both maturing on March 29, 2023
  • Ended first quarter of 2019 with total liquidity of $967.6 million, including cash and cash equivalents of $148.8 million and $818.8 million of availability under the Company’s unsecured revolving credit facility and term loan facility

* See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures”

First Quarter 2019 Operating Results

Net income was $71,000, or $0.00 per diluted share, for the first quarter of 2019, compared to net income available to common stockholders of $42.9 million, or $0.28 per diluted share, for the first quarter of 2018.

Home sales revenue decreased $89.9 million, or 15%, to $492.7 million for the first quarter of 2019, as compared to $582.6 million for the first quarter of 2018. The decrease was primarily attributable to a 12% decrease in new home deliveries to 814, compared to 924 in the first quarter of 2018, and a 4% decrease in the average sales price of homes delivered to $605,000, compared to $630,000 in the first quarter of 2018.

Homebuilding gross margin percentage for the first quarter of 2019 decreased to 14.4%, compared to 22.7% for the first quarter of 2018. The decrease in homebuilding gross margin was due to a lower mix of deliveries from certain long-dated California communities, which produce gross margins above the Company average, as well as $5.2 million of expenses related to lot option abandonments. In addition, gross margins were negatively impacted by increased incentives in the second half of 2018 on inventory homes that delivered in the first quarter of 2019 as well as purchase accounting adjustments related to the acquisition of a Dallas–Fort Worth-based homebuilder in the fourth quarter of 2018. Excluding interest and impairments and lot option abandonments in cost of home sales, adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage was 18.4%* for the first quarter of 2019, compared to 25.2%* for the first quarter of 2018.

Sales and marketing and general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense for the first quarter of 2019 increased to 15.7% of home sales revenue as compared to 12.9% for the first quarter of 2018, primarily the result of lower operating leverage on the fixed components of SG&A as a result of the 15% decrease in home sales revenue and higher overhead costs as a result of our expansion efforts into the Carolinas, Sacramento and Dallas–Fort Worth markets.

Other income increased $6.1 million to $6.2 million for the first quarter of 2019 as compared to $171,000 for the first quarter of 2018. The increase was largely due to the $6.0 million reduction of our income tax liability to Weyerhaeuser Company (“Weyerhaeuser”). During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company amended the existing tax sharing agreement with Weyerhaeuser, pursuant to which the parties agreed, among other things, that the Company had no further obligation to remit payment to Weyerhaeuser in connection with any potential utilization of certain deductions or losses with respect to federal and state taxes.

New home orders decreased 12% to 1,321 homes for the first quarter of 2019, as compared to 1,496 homes for the same period in 2018. Average selling communities increased 14% to 147.8 for the first quarter of 2019 compared to 129.8 for the first quarter of 2018. The Company’s overall absorption rate per average selling community decreased 21% for the first quarter of 2019 to 8.9 orders (3.0 monthly) compared to 11.5 orders (3.8 monthly) during the first quarter of 2018.

The Company ended the quarter with 1,842 homes in backlog, representing approximately $1.2 billion. The average sales price of homes in backlog as of March 31, 2019 increased $14,000, or 2%, to $672,000, compared to $658,000 as of March 31, 2018.

“While the decline in interest rates played a key role in sparking demand in the first quarter, we believe the appeal of our premium lifestyle products and the focused efforts of our sales and marketing teams had an equally important impact,” said TRI Pointe Group President and Chief Operating Officer Tom Mitchell. “We strive to build homes and develop communities that create an emotional connection with customers. We continue to emphasize targeted sales and marketing strategies to build on that connection, which improves lead generation and conversation and ultimately customer satisfaction. These efforts have resulted in improved absorption and an enhanced customer experience.”

* See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures”

Outlook

For the second quarter of 2019, the Company expects to open 10 new communities and close out of 13 communities, which would result in 143 active selling communities as of June 30, 2019. In addition, the Company anticipates delivering 53% to 58% of its 1,842 homes in backlog as of March 31, 2019 at an average sales price of $610,000. The Company expects its homebuilding gross margin percentage to be approximately 17% for the second quarter. The Company anticipates its SG&A expense as a percentage of homes sales revenue will be in a range of 12.5% to 13.5%. Lastly, the Company expects its effective tax rate to be in the range of 25% to 26%.

For the full year, the Company reiterates its previous guidance of delivering between 4,600 and 5,000 homes at an average sales price of $610,000 to $620,000. In addition, the Company expects homebuilding gross margin percentage to be in the range of 19% to 20% for the full year. The Company expects full year SG&A expense as a percentage of homes sales revenue will be in a range of 11% to 12%. Finally, the Company expects its effective tax rate for the full year to be in the range of 25% to 26%.

Earnings Conference Call

The Company will host a conference call via live webcast for investors and other interested parties beginning at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Thursday, April 25, 2019. The call will be hosted by Doug Bauer, Chief Executive Officer, Tom Mitchell, President and Chief Operating Officer and Mike Grubbs, Chief Financial Officer.

Interested parties can listen to the call live and view the related presentation slides on the internet through the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at www.TRIPointeGroup.com. Listeners should go to the website at least fifteen minutes prior to the call to download and install any necessary audio software. The call can also be accessed by dialing 1-877-407-3982 for domestic participants or 1-201-493-6780 for international participants. Participants should ask for the TRI Pointe Group First Quarter 2019 Earnings Conference Call. Those dialing in should do so at least ten minutes prior to the start. The replay of the call will be available for two weeks following the call. To access the replay, the domestic dial-in number is 1-844-512-2921, the international dial-in number is 1-412-317-6671, and the reference code is #13689424. An archive of the webcast will be available on the Company’s website for a limited time.

About TRI Pointe Group, Inc.

Headquartered in Irvine, California, TRI Pointe Group, Inc. (NYSE: TPH) is among the largest public homebuilders in the United States. The company designs, constructs and sells premium single-family homes through its portfolio of six quality brands across ten states, including Maracay™ in Arizona; Pardee Homes® in California and Nevada; Quadrant Homes® in Washington; Trendmaker® Homes in Texas; TRI Pointe Homes® in California, Colorado and the Carolinas; and Winchester® Homes in Maryland and Virginia. Additional information is available at www.TRIPointeGroup.com. Winchester is a registered trademark and is used with permission.

Forward-Looking Statements

Various statements contained in this press release, including those that express a belief, expectation or intention, as well as those that are not statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements may include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our strategy, projections and estimates concerning the timing and success of specific projects and our future production, land and lot sales, operational and financial results, including our estimates for growth, financial condition, sales prices, prospects, and capital spending. Forward-looking statements that are included in this press release are generally accompanied by words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “goal,” “guidance,” “intend,” “likely,” “may,” “might,” “outlook,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “strategy,” “target,” “will,” “would,” or other words that convey future events or outcomes. The forward-looking statements in this press release speak only as of the date of this press release, and we disclaim any obligation to update these statements unless required by law, and we caution you not to rely on them unduly. These forward-looking statements are inherently subject to significant business, economic, competitive, regulatory and other risks, contingencies and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond our control. The following factors, among others, may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements: the effect of general economic conditions, including employment rates, housing starts, interest rate levels, availability of financing for home mortgages and strength of the U.S. dollar; market demand for our products, which is related to the strength of the various U.S. business segments and U.S. and international economic conditions; levels of competition; the successful execution of our internal performance plans, including any restructuring and cost reduction initiatives; global economic conditions; raw material prices; oil and other energy prices; the effect of weather, including the re-occurrence of drought conditions in California; the risk of loss from earthquakes, volcanoes, fires, floods, droughts, windstorms, hurricanes, pest infestations and other natural disasters, and the risk of delays, reduced consumer demand, and shortages and price increases in labor or materials associated with such natural disasters; transportation costs; federal and state tax policies; the effect of land use, environment and other governmental regulations; legal proceedings or disputes and the adequacy of reserves; risks relating to any unforeseen changes to or effects on liabilities, future capital expenditures, revenues, expenses, earnings, synergies, indebtedness, financial condition, losses and future prospects; changes in accounting principles; risks related to unauthorized access to our computer systems, theft of our customers’ confidential information or other forms of cyber-attack; and additional factors discussed under the sections captioned “Risk Factors” included in our annual and quarterly reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The foregoing list is not exhaustive. New risk factors may emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors or to assess the impact of such risk factors on our business.

Investor Relations Contact:

Chris Martin, TRI Pointe Group
Drew Mackintosh, Mackintosh Investor Relations
InvestorRelations@TRIPointeGroup.com, 949-478-8696

Media Contact:
Carol Ruiz, cruiz@newgroundco.com, 310-437-0045

 
KEY OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL DATA
(dollars in thousands)
 
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018   Change
           
Operating Data: (unaudited)    
Home sales revenue $ 492,703     $ 582,572     $ (89,869 )
Homebuilding gross margin $ 71,167     $ 132,070     $ (60,903 )
Homebuilding gross margin % 14.4 %   22.7 %   (8.3 )%
Adjusted homebuilding gross margin %* 18.4 %   25.2 %   (6.8 )%
SG&A expense $ 77,586     $ 75,097     $ 2,489  
SG&A expense as a % of home sales revenue 15.7 %   12.9 %   2.8 %
Net income $ 71     $ 42,880     $ (42,809 )
Adjusted EBITDA* $ 28,150     $ 80,988     $ (52,838 )
Interest incurred $ 23,373     $ 21,520     $ 1,853  
Interest in cost of home sales $ 14,191     $ 14,229     $ (38 )
           
Other Data:          
Net new home orders 1,321     1,496     (175 )
New homes delivered 814     924     (110 )
Average sales price of homes delivered $ 605     $ 630     $ (25 )
Cancellation rate 15 %   14 %   1 %
Average selling communities 147.8     129.8     18.0  
Selling communities at end of period 146     131     15  
Backlog (estimated dollar value) $ 1,237,838     $ 1,409,042     $ (171,204 )
Backlog (homes) 1,842     2,143     (301 )
Average sales price in backlog $ 672     $ 658     $ 14  
           
  March 31,   December 31,    
  2019   2018   Change
Balance Sheet Data: (unaudited)        
Cash and cash equivalents $ 148,782     $ 277,696     $ (128,914 )
Real estate inventories $ 3,242,678     $ 3,216,059     $ 26,619  
Lots owned or controlled 26,701     27,740     (1,039 )
Homes under construction (1) 2,166     2,166     0  
Homes completed, unsold 374     417     (43 )
Debt $ 1,412,463     $ 1,410,804     $ 1,659  
Stockholders’ equity $ 2,057,023     $ 2,056,924     $ 99  
Book capitalization $ 3,469,486     $ 3,467,728     $ 1,758  
Ratio of debt-to-capital 40.7 %   40.7 %   0.0 %
Ratio of net debt-to-net capital* 38.1 %   35.5 %   2.6 %
 
(1) Homes under construction included 63 and 40 models at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
* See “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures”


CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
  March 31,   December 31,
  2019   2018
Assets (unaudited)    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 148,782     $ 277,696  
Receivables 58,234     51,592  
Real estate inventories 3,242,678     3,216,059  
Investments in unconsolidated entities 4,191     5,410  
Goodwill and other intangible assets, net 160,293     160,427  
Deferred tax assets, net 67,761     67,768  
Other assets 173,956     105,251  
Total assets $ 3,855,895     $ 3,884,203  
       
Liabilities      
Accounts payable $ 66,605     $ 81,313  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 319,791     335,149  
Senior notes 1,412,463     1,410,804  
Total liabilities 1,798,859     1,827,266  
       
Commitments and contingencies      
       
Equity      
Stockholders’ equity:      
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively      
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized; 142,210,147 and 141,661,713 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively 1,422     1,417  
Additional paid-in capital 658,743     658,720  
Retained earnings 1,396,858     1,396,787  
Total stockholders’ equity 2,057,023     2,056,924  
Noncontrolling interests 13     13  
Total equity 2,057,036     2,056,937  
Total liabilities and equity $ 3,855,895     $ 3,884,203  


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018
Homebuilding:      
Home sales revenue $ 492,703     $ 582,572  
Land and lot sales revenue 1,029     223  
Other operations revenue 598     598  
Total revenues 494,330     583,393  
Cost of home sales 421,536     450,502  
Cost of land and lot sales 1,495     503  
Other operations expense 590     602  
Sales and marketing 38,989     38,283  
General and administrative 38,597     36,814  
Homebuilding (loss) income from operations (6,877 )   56,689  
Equity in loss of unconsolidated entities (25 )   (468 )
Other income, net 6,241     171  
Homebuilding (loss) income before income taxes (661 )   56,392  
Financial Services:      
Revenues 302     283  
Expenses 321     137  
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities 775     1,002  
Financial services income before income taxes 756     1,148  
Income before income taxes 95     57,540  
Provision for income taxes (24 )   (14,660 )
Net income $ 71     $ 42,880  
Earnings per share      
Basic $ 0.00     $ 0.28  
Diluted $ 0.00     $ 0.28  
Weighted average shares outstanding      
Basic 141,865,270     151,464,547  
Diluted 142,390,163     152,775,851  


MARKET DATA BY REPORTING SEGMENT & STATE
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)

  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018
  New
Homes
Delivered
  Average
Sales
Price
  New
Homes
Delivered
  Average
Sales
Price
New Homes Delivered:              
Maracay 74     $ 535     125     $ 468  
Pardee Homes 242     557     274     659  
Quadrant Homes 44     983     83     739  
Trendmaker Homes 154     455     84     490  
TRI Pointe Homes 242     710     269     708  
Winchester Homes 58     571     89     570  
Total 814     $ 605     924     $ 630  
               
               
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018
  New
Homes
Delivered
  Average
Sales
Price
  New
Homes
Delivered
  Average
Sales
Price
New Homes Delivered:              
California 328     $ 679     400     $ 736  
Colorado 72     549     60     580  
Maryland 38     466     66     544  
Virginia 20     769     23     645  
Arizona 74     535     125     468  
Nevada 84     529     83     503  
Texas 154     455     84     490  
Washington 44     983     83     739  
Total 814     $ 605     924     $ 630  


MARKET DATA BY REPORTING SEGMENT & STATE, continued
(unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018
  Net New
Home
Orders
  Average
Selling
Communities
  Net New
Home
Orders
  Average
Selling
Communities
Net New Home Orders:              
Maracay 161     11.8     153     13.2  
Pardee Homes 433     44.5     473     32.5  
Quadrant Homes 75     7.2     108     7.0  
Trendmaker Homes 243     39.3     155     29.8  
TRI Pointe Homes 295     30.8     459     33.8  
Winchester Homes 114     14.2     148     13.5  
Total 1,321     147.8     1,496     129.8  
               
               
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018
  Net New
Home
Orders
  Average
Selling
Communities
  Net New
Home
Orders
  Average
Selling
Communities
Net New Home Orders:              
California 517     54.7     628     44.5  
Colorado 81     7.0     102     7.0  
Maryland 84     9.8     100     9.5  
Virginia 30     4.5     48     4.0  
Arizona 161     11.8     153     13.2  
Nevada 130     13.5     202     14.8  
Texas 243     39.3     155     29.8  
Washington 75     7.2     108     7.0  
Total 1,321     147.8     1,496     129.8  


MARKET DATA BY REPORTING SEGMENT & STATE, continued
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
  As of March 31, 2019   As of March 31, 2018
  Backlog
Units
  Backlog
Dollar
Value
  Average
Sales
Price
  Backlog
Units
  Backlog
Dollar
Value
  Average
Sales
Price
Backlog:                      
Maracay 238     $ 139,862     $ 588     245     $ 123,617     $ 505  
Pardee Homes 593     472,729     797     608     408,324     672  
Quadrant Homes 77     75,599     982     169     138,025     817  
Trendmaker Homes 402     196,256     488     244     134,632     552  
TRI Pointe Homes 371     247,399     667     667     474,240     711  
Winchester Homes 161     105,993     658     210     130,204     620  
Total 1,842     $ 1,237,838     $ 672     2,143     $ 1,409,042     $ 658  
                       
                       
  As of March 31, 2019   As of March 31, 2018
  Backlog
Units
  Backlog
Dollar
Value
  Average
Sales
Price
  Backlog
Units
  Backlog
Dollar
Value
  Average
Sales
Price
Backlog:                      
California 645     $ 530,031     $ 822     894     $ 662,008     $ 741  
Colorado 153     86,570     566     142     81,743     576  
Maryland 107     56,087     524     147     83,339     567  
Virginia 54     49,906     924     63     46,865     744  
Arizona 238     139,862     588     245     123,617     505  
Nevada 166     103,527     624     239     138,813     581  
Texas 402     196,256     488     244     134,632     552  
Washington 77     75,599     982     169     138,025     817  
Total 1,842     $ 1,237,838     $ 672     2,143     $ 1,409,042     $ 658  


MARKET DATA BY REPORTING SEGMENT & STATE, continued
(unaudited)
 
  March 31,   December 31,
  2019   2018
Lots Owned or Controlled(1):      
Maracay 3,010     3,308  
Pardee Homes 14,254     14,376  
Quadrant Homes 1,548     1,744  
Trendmaker Homes 2,398     2,492  
TRI Pointe Homes 3,841     4,095  
Winchester Homes 1,650     1,725  
Total 26,701     27,740  
       
       
  March 31,   December 31,
  2019   2018
Lots Owned or Controlled(1):      
California 14,890     15,218  
Colorado 782     866  
Maryland 1,088     1,142  
Virginia 562     583  
Arizona 3,010     3,308  
Nevada 2,423     2,387  
Texas 2,398     2,492  
Washington 1,548     1,744  
Total 26,701     27,740  
       
       
  March 31,   December 31,
  2019   2018
Lots by Ownership Type:      
Lots owned 22,641     23,057  
Lots controlled(1) 4,060     4,683  
Total 26,701     27,740  
 
(1) As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, lots controlled included lots that were under land option contracts or purchase contracts.
 

RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(unaudited)

In this press release, we utilize certain financial measures that are non-GAAP financial measures as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission. We present these measures because we believe they and similar measures are useful to management and investors in evaluating the Company’s operating performance and financing structure. We also believe these measures facilitate the comparison of our operating performance and financing structure with other companies in our industry. Because these measures are not calculated in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), they may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP.

The following table reconciles homebuilding gross margin percentage, as reported and prepared in accordance with GAAP, to the non-GAAP measure adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage. We believe this information is meaningful as it isolates the impact that leverage has on homebuilding gross margin and permits investors to make better comparisons with our competitors, who adjust gross margins in a similar fashion.

   
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   %   2018   %
               
  (dollars in thousands)
Home sales revenue $ 492,703     100.0 %   $ 582,572     100.0 %
Cost of home sales 421,536     85.6 %   450,502     77.3 %
Homebuilding gross margin 71,167     14.4 %   132,070     22.7 %
Add: interest in cost of home sales 14,191     2.9 %   14,229     2.4 %
Add: impairments and lot option abandonments 5,202     1.1 %   248     0.0 %
Adjusted homebuilding gross margin $ 90,560     18.4 %   $ 146,547     25.2 %
Homebuilding gross margin percentage 14.4 %       22.7 %    
Adjusted homebuilding gross margin percentage 18.4 %       25.2 %    
 

RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (continued)
(unaudited)

The following table reconciles the Company’s ratio of debt-to-capital to the non-GAAP ratio of net debt-to-net capital. We believe that the ratio of net debt-to-net capital is a relevant financial measure for management and investors to understand the leverage employed in our operations and as an indicator of the Company’s ability to obtain financing.

 
  March 31, 2019   December 31, 2018
Senior notes $ 1,412,463     $ 1,410,804  
Total debt 1,412,463     1,410,804  
Stockholders’ equity 2,057,023     2,056,924  
Total capital $ 3,469,486     $ 3,467,728  
Ratio of debt-to-capital(1) 40.7 %   40.7 %
       
Total debt $ 1,412,463     $ 1,410,804  
Less: Cash and cash equivalents (148,782 )   (277,696 )
Net debt 1,263,681     1,133,108  
Stockholders’ equity 2,057,023     2,056,924  
Net capital $ 3,320,704     $ 3,190,032  
Ratio of net debt-to-net capital(2) 38.1 %   35.5 %
 
(1) The ratio of debt-to-capital is computed as the quotient obtained by dividing total debt by the sum of total debt plus stockholders’ equity.
(2) The ratio of net debt-to-net capital is computed as the quotient obtained by dividing net debt (which is total debt less cash and cash equivalents) by the sum of net debt plus stockholders’ equity.
 

RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (continued)
(unaudited)

The following table calculates the non-GAAP financial measures of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA and reconciles those amounts to net income, as reported and prepared in accordance with GAAP. EBITDA means net income before (a) interest expense, (b) expensing of previously capitalized interest included in costs of home sales, (c) income taxes and (d) depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA means EBITDA before (e) amortization of stock-based compensation and (f) impairments and lot option abandonments. Other companies may calculate EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (or similarly titled measures) differently. We believe EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are useful measures of the Company’s ability to service debt and obtain financing.

   
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2019   2018
       
  (in thousands)
Net income $ 71     $ 42,880  
Interest expense:      
Interest incurred 23,373     21,520  
Interest capitalized (23,373 )   (21,520 )
Amortization of interest in cost of sales 14,333     14,242  
Provision for income taxes 24     14,660  
Depreciation and amortization 5,085     5,488  
EBITDA 19,513     77,270  
Amortization of stock-based compensation 3,435     3,470  
Impairments and lot option abandonments 5,202     248  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 28,150     $ 80,988  
 

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